Foliage colour: Field scabious, Knautia arvensis, is an attractive wildflower, bearing pin-cushion-like flowers in the palest lilac, on tall, wiry stems. It makes an excellent cut flower. In Minnesota it hasn't made much of an impact yet, but time will tell. The dainty, lilac blooms that bob on the end of long stalks, can be a common sight on road verges at the end of summer. Devil’s-bit-Scabious, single blue pincushion flowers. Any field scabious infestation that has been allowed to go to seed a few times will require many years of … Flower: Inflorescence a flower-like, flattish capitulum, 3–4 cm (1.2–1.6 in.) Identification. Field Scabious is a garden escapee, introduced from Europe as an ornamental. There can be one or sev-eral stems per plant, with little or no branching in the upper stem. Its leaves are long and oval, and differ from those of field scabious, which are dark green, hairy and deeply lobed. Flowers are pink to lilac, 4-lobed, the flowers in the outer ring noticeably larger than those in the center of the head and the lobes of unequal size, one usually rather larger than the others. In the 1979 Flora survey of Leicestershire it was found in 62 of the 617 tetrads. Introduced from Eurasia as an ornamental. • Ring of narrow, green floral bracts. Recording the wildlife of Leicestershire and Rutland. Lower rosettes leaves tend to be lance … British Columbia Ministry of Food and Agriculture Field scabious is a tap-rooted perennial that reproduces entirely by seed and grows 2-5 feet tall. Field Scabious (Knautia arvensis) Description. The leaves of most species are somewhat hairy and partly divided into lobes, but a few are smooth and some species have simple leaves. Similar Species. Add to Likebox #96865023 - Daisy and scabious flowers bouquet isolated. Scabiosa is also called the pincushion flower because of the padded appearance of its domed blooms. ... and sparsely branched. In my Garden there are now around 100 or more established plants, grown mostly from collected seed, moved on into 9cm pots and planted in semi-shade. • Leaves deeply lobed into 5 to 15 narrow segments. Leaves pinnately lobed, the lower stalked the upper sometimes undivided. Stems usually with purple spots. Scabiosa plants are a part of the honeysuckle family and are also known as Knautia and Succia. Some are herbaceous plants; others have woody rootstocks. The lowest leaves are 3 to 8 inches long, stalked, and may be narrowly lance-elliptic and coarsely toothed, or divided with 3 to 6 narrow, toothless lobes on each side. Botanical name: Scabiosa and Knautia With a succession of summer flowers – sometimes into autumn – scabious are great additions to borders. Devil's bit Scabious and Small Scabious. The giant scabious finishes flowering earlier than the field scabious and other smaller varieties. Range: Europe, including Britain, north to latitude 69°, east to the Caucasus and W. Siberia. Corolla is 4-lobed (Small Scabious is 5-lobed) and the outer flowers are much longer than inner. The flower heads somewhat resemble Wild Bergamot (Monarda fistulosa), which has unlobed leaves with serrated edges and flowers are more tubular in shape. Pick an image for a larger view. Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it? It is a serious agricultural weed in some areas, noted as particularly aggressive in northwest British Columbia, where it has also been found invading high quality habitat. Enter a town or village to see local records, Yellow squares = NBN records (all known data) Thanks for your understanding. Medium to tall, hairy plant, often stoloniferous, with a basal leaf rosette. Upper leaves 1 to 2 pinnately lobed or pinnate. A short, hairy calyx surrounds each flower. Some species of Scabiosa are annuals, others perennials. Quick Identification: • Solitary violet flower heads. Field scabious is an escaped ornamental known for attracting butterflies. The recommendation for field scabiosa was based upon this literature review [PDF] developed by the department. Stonesby Quarry N.R. It is a serious agricultural weed in some areas, noted as particularly aggressive in northwest British Columbia, where it has also been found invading high quality habitat. Common Names: Scabious, pincushion flower, sweet scabious Foliage: Deciduous or evergreen leaves, small and pinnately lobed. Field scabious is a tall perennial that grows from a deep taproot. Field Scabious is a perennial forb with blue to purple flowers. Family - Teasels - Dipsacaceae. Field Scabious is a garden escapee, introduced from Europe as an ornamental. Leaves are also hairy and the extent of the lobes are dependent on their life stage. See Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Leaves & stems: Stems have stiff hairs angled downwards, but are not prickly. Flowers bluish lilac or mauve. Funding provided by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources. Your Name: Plants are sturdy with a well-formed taproot and long leafless stalks that form large violet to pink, clover-like flowers. Map of native plant purveyors in the upper midwest. Leaves: Leaves are hairy and the degree of the lobes is highly variable. An email address is required, but will not be posted—it will only be used for information exchange between the 2 of us (if needed) and will never be given to a 3rd party without your express permission. Knautia arvensis, commonly known as field scabious, is a herbaceous perennial species of flowering plant in the honeysuckle family Caprifoliaceae. Web design and content copyright © 2006-2021 MinnesotaWildflowers.info. Help support this site ~ Information for sponsor opportunities. Similar Images . A photograph of the flower and upper/lower leaves. Height: 30–80 cm (12–32 in.). This plant grows up to 1.5 m tall. The flower head becomes a dome-shaped seed head; a hairy, angular seed about ¼ inch long develops below the calyx with the calyx eventually dropping off. Genus Knautia can be annuals or perennials, and may have simple or pinnately lobed leaves and scabious-like flower-heads Details K. arvensis is a clump-forming perennial with lax stems bearing simple or pinnately lobed leaves and lilac-blue flowerheads to … Use dried blooms in a vase or cut off the heads for using on a wreath. Field scabious (Knautia arvense) Erect perennial up to 1.5 meters (4 feet) tall. ... opposite each side of the stem. Varieties of Knautia Knautia arvensis (field scabious): A prolific growing variety, especially in chalky bedrock, the ‘field scabious’ has a... Knautia macedonica: Crimson flowers and green foliage. Field scabious provides a useful resource for pollinators and other beneficals from the mid to late points of the season. The species scabiosa is a genus of the teasel or Dipsacaceae family of flowers and shrubs. There can be one or several stems per plant, with little or no branching in the upper stem. The flowers of field scabious range from violet-blue to white in colour and are similar in shape to red clover flowers. Field scabious is native to Europe and was introduced to North America as an ornamental garden plant. There may be other types of orchid in your meadow. Leaves are densely hairy and become smaller and stalkless as they ascend the stem. They have low growing foliage with pincushion like flowers on tall stems ranging in color from pink to purple. Kingdom - Plants - Plantae. Medium to tall, hairy plant, often stoloniferous, with a basal leaf rosette. The leaves are feather-shaped on the stems and coarsely toothed at the plant base. Leaves are hairy. Division - Flowering Plants - Anthophyta. ”Enjoy looking at the wild flowers but be Flowering Period: July to September. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. Strip the leaves and hang the fully open blooms by the stem. Field scabious is a very effective competitor for light, moisture and nutrients and is very difficult to eradicate once established because of its’ prolific seed production and deep, branching taproot. Devil’s-bit scabious is best separated from the other two by its dark, un-toothed, broad-lanceolate leaves. Their common names include Pigeon’s Scabious, Field Scabious, Marsh Daisy and Shining Scabious. All orchids have similar shaped flowers. It has a very long flowering period and so is a valuable nectar source for bees and butterflies. Getting most of the summer sun from late afternoon avoiding the heat of the day. This species is a robust perennial producing clumps of large leaves, the lower ones tending to be unlobed while those higher up the stems are deeply lobed. In a wide variety of solid or pastel shades. Field scabious can invade undisturbed plant communities, and once established is very difficult to control, but maintaining healthy cover can help to prevent against invasion. Perfect for the herbaceous border or a wildflower meadow, its blooms are adored by bees and butterflies. Teasels are recognised by their prickly leaves and stems with lavender, purple and blue flowers. Waltham on the Wolds. Lower leaves are usually coarsely toothed, or sometimes entire, and form a … Identification difficulty. There are several ditches in Grant County with this species. Common nettle Common spotted orchid - look out for the spotty leaves. Leaves pinnately lobed, the lower stalked the upper sometimes undivided. Field Scabious is closely related to Teasle and Devil’s-bit Scabious, all of which have distinctively coloured flowers in blue, bluish-lilac or bluish-violet. Description. Name also: Field Scabiosa. Leaves are hairy and the degree of the lobes is highly variable. For more identification tips … Nor does mine seem to replenish itself if I dead head as each flower goes over. Stems are erect, hairy and sparsely branched. Field Scabious, Field scabiosa: Family: Dipsacaceae: USDA hardiness: 5-9: Known Hazards: None known: Habitats: Meadows, pastures, hedgebanks and grassy hills, usually on dry soils and especially on limestone[9, 17, 187]. Field Scabious is a familiar parent of one of our favourite cottage garden plants. The flowers are on the end of long stalks. Protruding from the center of each flower are 4 violet-tipped stamens, which give the head a pincushion-like appearance. Field scabious - large but quite flat, mauve flowers, rich in nectar. Order - Dipsacales - Dipsacales. Similar Images . Where in Minnesota? Flowerheads bluish lilac, 20 to 40 mm, the outer florets slightly longer than the central ones, with dark bristles at the bases. Fairly frequent in Leicestershire and Rutland though possibly declining. Thank you. Unless you want new plants from seed, cut off the flower spikes as soon as they've finished. #94933805 - Field scabious (Knautia arvensis) flower bud with bright yellow.. The entire plant is covered with fine white hairs that can be very stiff toward the base of the plant. These are native to temperate climates and are found throughout Europe, North Africa and Asia. Devil's-bit scabious has flattened, rounded flower heads that range in colour from blue to pinky-purple. Coloured circles = NatureSpot records: 2020+ | 2015-2019 | pre-2015. Stems usually with purple spots. across. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken on a roadside in Rice County and in a suburban garden in Ramsey County. Leaves are deeply divided and they decrease in size as you move toward the shoot. Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. See the glossary for icon descriptions. … Young rosettes For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc. Field Scabious (Knautia arvensis) Provincial Designation: Noxious Identification: Stems: Stems are erect, hairy, sparsely branched, and grow up to 1.5 m tall. The leaves towards the base of the plant are lanceloate in shape and generally undivided, further up the stem the leaves are pinnate, with narrow segments. Flowers bluish lilac or mauve. Knautia arvensis. Field scabious could be confused with Small scabious or Devil’s-bit scabious, both also members of the teasel family. Knautia arvensis Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Dipsacales Family: Caprifoliaceae Genus: Knautia Species: K. arvensis Binomial name Knautia arvensis Coult. ... Field Scabious and Devil's-bit Scabious. Flowers: Pincushion like flower-heads with enlarged outer florets. (formerly Teasel Family – Dipsacaceae) Growing form: Perennial herb. Leaves are basal and opposite but usually crowded on the lower stem. • Lower part of plant is bristly and hairy. Comment (max 1000 characters): Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because I�d like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. Your email address: (required) Also known as bluebuttons. They can be perennials, surviving for several years, or annual or biennials, dying after flowering. Rootstock long, branching. Species - Field Scabious - Knautia arvensis ID guidance. Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, sun; average to dry disturbed soil; roadsides, fields, open woods, landscapes. Family: Honeysuckle Family – Caprifoliaceae. Home - Other Field Guides. Click here to support NatureSpot by making a donation - small or large - your gift is very much appreciated. Small scabious as the name suggests is smaller, slimmer and less hairy and the flowers have five not four petal lobes. Stem upper part branching, with short and quite rough hairs. In Minnesota it … Basal leaves oval to lanceolate, unlobed or pinnately lobed, long stalked. Stems are multiple from the base, branched in the upper plant, densely hairy and green to purplish, commonly with purple spots. Class - Dicots - Dicotyledoneae. Leicestershire Amphibian & Reptile Network, Market Bosworth & District Natural History Society, Natural History Section, Leicester Literary & Philosophical Society, Leicestershire & Rutland Swift Partnership. Devil’s Bit Scabious, dark evergreen leaves in winter. Numerous tiny flowers in dome-shaped flower heads 1 to 1½ inches across, at the tips of long, wiry, leafless stalks. The bracts around the base of the flower head are in 2 layers, leaf-like with long, white hairs around the edges. How to identify. With bluish-lilac, honeycomb-like flowerheads and pink anthers, depending on conditions the slender stems can grow up a metre tall and are sparsely branched with hairy green leaves. Add to Likebox ... #131942204 - Purple meadow flowers and clover leaves arrangement on white.. Can you see the tiny anthers floating above the flower head? It can grow up to 1.3 metres tall and reproduces by seed. Each plant can produce up to 50 flowers and blooms are the largest of our native scabious species. Field Scabious (Knautia arvensis (L.) Coult.) Lower leaves simple/crenate; upper leaves pinnate, with intermediates between. Good for cutting, the flowers are attractive to bees and butterflies. 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Also field scabious leaves of the teasel or Dipsacaceae family of flowers and blooms are adored bees... Lobes are dependent on their life stage their prickly leaves and hang the fully open by! - Daisy and scabious flowers bouquet isolated taken on a roadside in Rice County in. Leafless stalks that form large violet to pink, clover-like flowers name suggests is smaller, slimmer and less and! Their prickly leaves and hang the fully open blooms by the department feather-shaped!